Unraveling the Mystery of Armenian Coffee Cups and Pots

Armenian coffee, a cherished tradition steeped in history, offers more than just a caffeine kick; it's a cultural journey. This article delves into the heart of Armenian coffee culture, exploring the unique cups and pots that have become symbols of Armenian heritage.

The intricate design of the Armenian coffee cup, or "armenak," and the traditional coffee pot, known as "turka," are not just utensils but storytellers of a rich cultural past. These items, often made of copper or brass and adorned with ornate patterns, are more than mere vessels; they are keepers of stories and connectors of generations.

The art of making Armenian coffee is a ritual, a testament to the country's resilience and creativity under Ottoman rule. To truly appreciate this aromatic brew, one must understand the history and significance of the tools used to create it. Websites like Smithsonian Magazine and National Geographic offer insightful articles on the cultural significance of traditional coffee rituals around the world, including Armenia's unique contribution.

Key Takeaways:

  1. Armenian Coffee Culture: A blend of history and tradition, reflecting Armenia's rich heritage.
  2. The Armenak and Turka: More than just cups and pots, these are symbols of Armenian identity and craftsmanship.
  3. Cultural Significance: Each item tells a story, connecting generations and preserving traditions.
  4. Brewing Technique: A unique method that highlights the strong, rich flavors of Armenian coffee.
  5. Cultural Appreciation: Understanding the history and use of these items offers a deeper appreciation of Armenian culture.

The History and Significance of Armenian Coffee

You wake to the familiar aroma of freshly brewed coffee. As you enter the kitchen, sunlight streams through the curtains, illuminating the collection of intricately designed cups and pots used for making Armenian coffee, a centuries-old tradition in your family.

The decorative pots, known as turka, are made of copper and brass, with swirling patterns and an ornate spout for pouring the thick, aromatic brew. The small cups, called armenak, are equally ornate. 

Each cup and pot has a story, passed down through generations along with the ritual of preparing and sharing Armenian coffee. The pots and cups represent your family's history - every dent and scratch on their surface tells a tale of the bonds between friends and loved ones over many cups of coffee.

As you pour yourself a cup, you think of all the conversations and connections these vessels have witnessed over decades and centuries. They are a link to your cultural heritage and a reminder of the simple pleasures in life.


Armenian cup of coffee on authentic table

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An Overview of Traditional Armenian Coffee Cups

The history of Armenian coffee cups and pots spans centuries and is intricately woven into Armenian culture. Armenian coffee cups, known as armenak, are small, handle-less cups mainly used for drinking Armenian coffee, a thick, aromatic coffee prepared in a large pot known as a jezve.

The armenak cup is typically made of copper, brass, or porcelain and holds just 2 to 3 ounces of the intensely brewed coffee. The small size allows the coffee to cool quickly and enables one to fully appreciate the complex flavors. The cups are often engraved or enameled with traditional Armenian motifs like pomegranates, grapes, or floral patterns.

The jezve, also called a turka, is a pear-shaped pot with a long handle used to brew Armenian coffee. Water and finely ground coffee beans are combined in the pot and brought just to a boil, then the pot is removed from the heat and the grounds settle to the bottom. The coffee is usually brewed in the presence of guests as part of the Armenian coffee ceremony, a long-held social tradition.

The history of these vessels spans the Ottoman era when Armenia was under Turkish rule. The cups and pots are still handcrafted today using techniques passed down through generations of Armenian coppersmiths and potters, preserving an important part of Armenia's cultural heritage.

Understanding the history and significance of these traditional items provides insight into Armenia's rich and complex past under foreign rule.

All About the Unique Armenian Coffee Pot

The traditional Armenian coffee cup, known as a bardak, is an important part of the Armenian coffee experience. Typically made of copper, brass, or enamel, the cup usually has a handle and a wide, shallow bowl. Copper and brass cups are considered the most traditional and help keep the coffee hot, though enamel cups are also popular and come in a variety of decorative styles.

The coffee pot, called a turka, is a long-handled pot used to brew the coffee. It is usually made of copper or brass and has a narrow spout for pouring the coffee into cups.

To brew the coffee, ground beans are added to the pot along with water and sugar and placed over heat. As the water boils, the grounds sink to the bottom. The key is to remove the pot from the heat just before the coffee comes to a boil to avoid bitterness.

The coffee is usually served black in the bardak cups. However, it is often garnished with spices such as cardamom or nutmeg and sometimes topped with thick cream called kaymak. The coffee grounds settle at the bottom of the cup, so sipping slowly and not stirring the grounds is important. The pot is usually kept warm on a hot plate during serving so guests can refill their cups.

The bardak cups and turka pots are an important part of Armenian hospitality and social gatherings. Although more modern cups and pots are used today, the traditional copper pieces are still prized in many Armenian homes and communities.

Experiencing authentic Armenian coffee in the proper cups and pots is the best way to understand and appreciate this integral part of Armenian culture.

How to Brew Armenian Coffee the Traditional Way

The traditional Armenian coffee pot, known as a turka, is integral to the Armenian coffee experience. This uniquely designed pot is used to brew and serve Armenian coffee, which is prepared as a very strong decoction.  

A Unique Design

The turka has a pear-shaped bottom that tapers at the top. It is made of copper or brass and has a long handle and a narrow neck. The narrow neck helps retain heat and the pear shape allows grounds to settle at the bottom. Some turkas have decorative engravings or etchings along the surface. The pot is placed directly over heat, with the coffee grounds and water added to brew the coffee.

Once brewed, the pot is removed from the heat source. The grounds settle to the bottom, and the coffee can be poured from the top without passing through a filter. The narrow neck also allows for the coffee to be poured in a thin stream, which helps the grounds remain at the bottom. The pot is not designed to keep the coffee hot for a long time, so coffee is usually served immediately in small cups, similar in size to espresso cups.

The turka produces a very strong coffee with an intense, robust flavor. The method of brewing in the pot results in a decoction where the flavor compounds are highly concentrated. Armenian coffee is usually sweetened to balance the strong, bitter flavor. It is often compared to Turkish coffee but tends to be slightly sweeter and thicker in consistency.

The traditional turka and the ritual of brewing and serving Armenian coffee represent an important cultural tradition. Sharing coffee with friends and family is an integral part of social life and hospitality in Armenia. The turka, with its unique shape and method of brewing, produces a coffee perfectly suited to this cultural tradition. Understanding the turka and Armenian coffee offers insight into an important part of Armenian history and lifestyle.

Where to Buy Authentic Armenian Coffee Cups and Pots

To brew traditional Armenian coffee, you will need a few essential tools: an Armenian coffee pot called a turka, made of copper and brass; Armenian coffee cups, also copper; and finely ground Armenian coffee beans.


1. Fill the turka with cold water and add one heaping tablespoon of ground Armenian coffee beans for every demitasse cup the pot holds. For example, use 3-4 tablespoons for a 6 cup pot.  

2. Place the turka over medium heat. Do not cover. As the water heats, the grounds will float to the top.  

3. Once the water comes to a boil, remove from heat. The grounds will sink to the bottom. Replace on heat.

4. Repeat step 3 two more times. This allows the coffee grounds to fully infuse the water. 

5. Return turka to heat and bring to a gentle simmer. Do not boil.

6. Remove from heat and let stand 2-3 minutes. The grounds will settle at the bottom.  

7. Slowly pour the coffee into demitasse cups, stopping before the grounds reach the spout. 

8. Add sugar to taste and enjoy! Traditionally, Armenians drink coffee black or with a little sugar.

The key to great Armenian coffee is using quality, medium-fine ground beans and following the proper technique of bringing the water to a boil then removing from heat to allow the grounds to sink. Repeating this process three times results in a strong, rich coffee with a thick layer of foam on top called kaymak.

Sip your coffee slowly and appreciatively, as the Armenians do, for an authentic experience. The used coffee grounds, known as keshke, can be used to tell fortunes once you've finished your cup.


In conclusion, Armenian coffee is not just a beverage; it's a cultural emblem, a ritual that brings people together, and a historical artifact that has withstood the test of time. The turka and armenak are more than just tools for brewing; they are symbols of Armenian resilience and creativity, a reminder of a rich history that has been carefully preserved and passed down through generations. This tradition of coffee making and sharing is a testament to the Armenian spirit, a celebration of its rich cultural tapestry. As we sip this aromatic brew, we partake in a centuries-old ritual, connecting us to a past that continues to shape the Armenian identity. It's a journey through time, one cup at a time, revealing stories of family, friendship, and the enduring strength of a culture.


  1. What makes Armenian coffee unique?

    • Armenian coffee is known for its strong, rich flavor and unique brewing technique, using the traditional turka and armenak.
  2. How is Armenian coffee traditionally served?

    • It is typically served in small, handle-less cups called armenak, often with sugar and sometimes spices.
  3. What is the significance of the coffee pot in Armenian culture?

    • The coffee pot, or turka, is not just a brewing vessel but a symbol of Armenian hospitality and craftsmanship.
  4. Can Armenian coffee be made at home?

    • Yes, with the right tools (turka and armenak) and technique, you can brew Armenian coffee at home.
  5. Where can I learn more about Armenian coffee culture?

    • Websites like Smithsonian Magazine and National Geographic offer in-depth articles on Armenian coffee and its cultural significance.